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  • 干货丨高中英语写作新题型备考技巧(一):5栽基本句型打好写作基础

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    发布时间:2020-01-08 14:28
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    原标题:干货丨高中英语写作新题型备考技巧(一):5栽基本句型打好写作基础

    确保句子写对、组织完善是写作中最基本的请求。因此,要想完善写作这栋高楼大厦,就必然先要把地基打好,即掌握好基本句式。否则再时兴洋气的作文也只能是总论。英语说话中,最基本的句型惟独五栽,其它各栽复杂的从句、句式也都是从它们演变而来。

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    1

    5栽基本句型复习

    一.主语 谓语(不敷物动词)

    此句型中,主语只必要一个实意动词就能够外达出完善的行为和意思。这类动词为不敷物动词,后面能够接副词、介词短语、状语从句等组织。

    1.The 13th National Games will take place in Tianjin at the end of August. (2017天津高考书面外达)

    2.As is indicated in the graph, the box-office income of Chinese films increased from 2012 to 2015. (2017年江苏高考书面外达)

    3.Therefore, this new kind of shoes has come into being recently. (2014湖南高考书面外达)

    二.主语 谓语(及物动词) 宾语

    该句型的动词为实意动词,是由主语发出的行为,但是不克外达完善的意思,必须跟一个宾语,才干外达完善的意思。未必能够由不敷物动词添介词组成及物动词完善。宾语即为行为的承受者,能够著名词、代词、动名词、不定式等来充当。

    1.New members will receive extra guidance on Sunday mornings from 3:30 p.m. to 11:00 a.m... (2017全国卷书面外达)

    2.We debated over what to put into the video. (2017北京高考书面外达)

    3.Hopelessness and guilt quickly flooded her mind. (2016浙江高考书面外达)

    4.It offered teenagers like you and me a chance to enjoy sports and learn about Chinese culture. (2015北京高考书面外达)

    三.主语 系动词 外语

    该句型主要是表明主语的身份、状态、特征,谓语动词是编制词,后面接的外语能够为形容词、名词、介词短语、不定式、分词、从句等。

    1.We may feel at ease in our school uniforms every day. (2019年浙江高考书面外达)

    2.The situation may not be that bad.(2016年浙江高考书面外达)

    3.It’s great to hear from you! I feel proud of knowing your interest in Chinese history. (2016北京高考书面外达)

    4.The “Foreign Cultures” section in our newspaper is very popular among us students.(2015全国卷书面外达)

    四.主语 谓语(及物动词) 间接宾语 直接宾语

    此句型中的谓语动词必要跟两个宾语才干外达完善的意思。间接宾语清淡是人,直接宾语清淡是物。间接宾语能够放在直接宾语的前线;直接宾语也能够借助to或for等介词放在间接宾语前线。

    1.I gave them a vivid and informative introduction of tea culture. (2018北京高考书面外达)

    2.The purpose of my writing is to tell you that there will be an outing for us these days. (2017浙江高考书面外达)

    3.I wish you success in your application. (2017年全国卷书面外达)

    4.First, he showed us basic steps and skills of making dough figurines. (2015北京高考书面外达)

    五.主语 谓语(及物动词) 宾语 宾语补足语

    该句型当然用了及物动词添宾语,但是照样不克外达完善的意思,必要添一个添多成分来表明宾语的情况,才干使意思完善。宾语补足语能够是名词、形容词、不定式、分词等。

    1.Therefore, I would like you to join our school’s table tennis team. (2017全国三卷书面外达)

    2.I think it great fun to learn the poems written in the Tang Dynasty. (2017全国一卷书面外达)

    3.As a high school student, I consider English a very important subject.

    2

    升迁训练

    一.按照请求完善句子。

    1.在吾看来,一个异国好友的人永久不会美满。(主系外)

    In my opinion,河北快三历史开奖 ______________________________________________.

    2.吾们尚未决定什么时候再商议这个题目。(主谓宾)

    We haven’t decided __________________________________________.

    3.每天清早吾们都能听到他大声朗读英语。(主谓宾宾补)

    Every morning, we ___________________________________________.

    4.奶奶昨晚给吾讲了一个很兴味的故事。(主谓间宾直宾)

    My granny ________________________________________ last night.

    5.早睡早首是一个好风气。(主系外)

    _____________________________________________ is a good habit.

    6.中国传统服装会让这个场相符对英国宾客来说专门中国化和有魅力(主谓宾宾补)

    The traditional Chinese clothes will ___________________to the British guests.

    7.近来10年,吾的家乡发生重大转折。(主谓)

    ________________in my hometown in the past decade.

    8.这些照片使吾想首了吾的童年。(主谓宾宾补)

    These pictures ___________________________________ my childhood.

    9.唐诗是吾们下堂课要学的,展看六月二十号在私塾图书馆。(主系外)

    _______________________, scheduled on July 20 in the school library.

    10.吾现在正在申请一家外资公司的兼职做事。(主谓宾)

    _________________in an overseas-funded corporation.

    11.现在,吾代外吾的同学们,祝你坦然返回。(主谓间宾直宾)

    ___________________________________________________________

    12.你的投稿肯定会使这次活动取得重大成功。(主谓宾宾补)

    ___________________________________________________________

    13.吾们私塾的乒乓球队现在正在招收新队员。(主谓宾)

    ___________________________________________________________

    14.这个展览的主题是环保。(主系外)

    ___________________________________________________________

    15.车蓦地在他眼前停下来了。(主谓)

    ____________________________________________________________

    【答案】

    1.a person without friends can never be happy

    2.when to discuss the program again

    3.hear him read English

    4.told me a very amusing story

    5.Going to bed early and rising early

    6.make the occasion very Chinese and inviting

    7.Great changes have taken place

    8.made me think of

    9.Tang Poetry is what we are going to learn next class

    10.I am applying for a part-time job

    11.Now, on behalf of my schoolmates, I wish you a safe return.

    12.Your contribution will certainly make the event a huge success.

    13.The Student Table Tennis Team of our school is recruiting/looking for new players now.

    14.The theme of the show is environmental protection.

    15.The car abruptly stopped in front of him.

    二.翻译下列句子,并写出所属的基本句式。

    1.吾是别名美国弟子,名叫汤姆。

    ______________________________________________________________

    2.上周吾和家人往了北京,参不悦目了很多名胜古迹。

    ______________________________________________________________

    3.在参不悦目期间,吾在北京大饭店(Beijing Grand Hotel)住了五天。

    ______________________________________________________________

    4.这个旅馆给吾们挑供了很好的服务。

    ______________________________________________________________

    5.他们总是将房间保持得很乾净。

    _______________________________________________________________

    6.外国游客住在那里很方便。

    _______________________________________________________________

    【答案】

    1.I am an American student, Jim. (主系外)

    2.Last week I went to Beijing and visited many places of interest with my family. (主谓宾)

    3.During my visit, I stayed at the Beijing Grand Hotel for five days. (主谓)

    4.The hotel offered us good service. (主谓宾间宾直宾)

    5.They always keep the rooms clean and tidy. (主谓宾宾补)

    6.It is very convenient for foreign visitors to stay here. (主系外)

    三.将上题的1到6句相符并成一篇短文,能够正当添多细节。

    【答案】

    I am an American student whose name is Jim. Last week I went to Beijing and visited many places of interest with my family. During my visit, I stayed at the Beijing Grand Hotel for five days, which offered us good service. And they always keep the rooms clean and tidy. It is very convenient for foreign visitors to stay here, with everything there labeled in both English and Chinese. I was deeply touched by that.

    3

    常用谚语翻译

    1)哺育学习类:

    1.知识就是力量。

    _______________________________________________________________

    2.玉不琢不成器。

    _______________________________________________________________

    3.学无坦途。

    _______________________________________________________________

    4.先天不过是辛勤而已。

    _______________________________________________________________

    5.问得多,学得多。

    _______________________________________________________________

    6.温故而知新。

    _______________________________________________________________

    7.活到老学到老。

    _______________________________________________________________

    8.生吞活剥是惊险的事。

    _______________________________________________________________

    2)做事与生活类

    1.只会辛勤不游玩,智慧孩子也变傻。

    _______________________________________________________________

    2.良药苦口利于病。

    _______________________________________________________________

    3.人生并非康庄大道。

    _______________________________________________________________

    4.入乡顺俗。

    _______________________________________________________________

    5.相机走事;量入为出。

    _______________________________________________________________

    6.五十步乐百步。

    _______________________________________________________________

    7.谣言站不住。

    _______________________________________________________________

    8.做人真诚为本。

    _______________________________________________________________

    3)友谊类

    1.患难之交真好友。

    _______________________________________________________________

    2.老好友是最好的镜子。

    _______________________________________________________________

    3.世上异国完善完善的好友。

    _______________________________________________________________

    4.好友易失不易得。

    _______________________________________________________________

    5.滥修好友者无好友。

    _______________________________________________________________

    6.好友可贵。

    _______________________________________________________________

    4)理想与现实类

    1.世上无难事,只怕故意人。

    _______________________________________________________________

    2.下信念成功的人已成功了一半。

    _______________________________________________________________

    3.远大的理想造就远大的人物。

    _______________________________________________________________

    4.除非亲自尝试,否则你永久不清新你能够做什么

    _______________________________________________________________

    5.人生答该竖立现在的,否则你的精力会白白铺张。

    _______________________________________________________________

    6.有志者事竟成。

    _______________________________________________________________

    7.不劳则无获。

    _______________________________________________________________

    5)毅力与人生类

    1.吃一堑长一智。

    _______________________________________________________________

    2.反境出人才。

    _______________________________________________________________

    3.千里之走首于足下

    _______________________________________________________________

    4.凡事不可前功尽弃。

    _______________________________________________________________

    5.叛变走舟,不进则退。

    _______________________________________________________________

    6.否极泰来。

    _______________________________________________________________

    7.欲速则不达。

    _______________________________________________________________

    8.条条大道通罗马。

    _______________________________________________________________

    9.谁乐到末了,谁乐的最好。

    _______________________________________________________________

    10.滴水石穿。

    _______________________________________________________________

    6)成功类

    1.卓异的起头是成功的一半。

    _______________________________________________________________

    2.战败乃成功之母。

    _______________________________________________________________

    3.万事起头难。

    _______________________________________________________________

    7)时间类

    1.岁月不饶人。

    _______________________________________________________________

    2.时光一往不复返。

    _______________________________________________________________

    3.一寸光阴一寸金。

    _______________________________________________________________

    8)关于配相符的谚语

    1.独木不成林。

    _______________________________________________________________

    2.守看相助。

    _______________________________________________________________

    3.三个臭皮匠顶个诸葛亮。

    _______________________________________________________________

    4.人心齐,泰山移。

    _______________________________________________________________

    9)协助类

    1.吾为人人,人人造吾。

    _______________________________________________________________

    2.喜欢是退工世界进取的力量。

    _______________________________________________________________

    3.使他人美满的人才会真切美满。

    _______________________________________________________________

    10)健康类

    1.生命在于活动。

    _______________________________________________________________

    2.健康是最大的财富。

    _______________________________________________________________

    3.镇日一个苹果,不请求医问药。

    _______________________________________________________________

    【答案】

    1)1.Knowledge is power.

    2.Unpolished pearls never shine.

    3.There is no royal road to learning.

    4.Genius is nothing but labor and diligence.

    5.He who inquires much learns much.

    6.Look for the old so as to learn the new.

    7.One is never too old to learn.

    8.A little learning is dangerous.

    2)1.All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.

    2.Good medicine for health tastes bitter to the mouth.

    3.Life is not all roses.

    4.Do in Rome as Romans do.

    5.Cut your coat according to your cloth.

    6.The pot calls the kettle black.

    7.Lies have short legs.

    8.Honesty is the best policy.

    3)1.A friend in need is a friend indeed.

    2.The best mirror is an old friend.

    3.A friend without faults will never be found.

    4.A friend is easier lost than found.

    5.A friend to all is a friend to none.

    6.A faithful friend is hard to find.

    4)1.Nothing in the world is difficult for one who sets his mind to it.

    2.He who wills success is half way to it.

    3.Great hopes make great man.

    4.You never know what you can do till you try.

    5.Have an aim in life,or your energies will all be wasted.

    6.Where there is a will there is a way.

    7.No pains,no gains.

    5)1.A fall into a pit,a gain in your wit.

    2.Adversity makes a man wise,not rich.

    3.Little by little one goes far.

    4.Do nothing by halves.

    5.He who does not advance loses ground.

    6.Things at the worst will mend.

    7.More haste,less speed.

    8.All roads lead to Rome.

    9.He laughs best who laughs last.

    10.Constant dripping wears away a stone.

    6)1.A good beginning is half done.

    2.Failure is the mother of success.

    3.Every beginning is difficult.

    7)1.Time and tide wait for no man.

    2.Lost time is never found again.

    3.As every thread of gold is valuable,so is every moment of time.

    8)1.One tree can’t make a forest.

    2.For better for worse.

    3.Two heads are better than one.

    4.Both together do best of all.

    9)1.All for one and one for all.

    2.It is love that makes the world go around.

    3.He is truly happy who makes others happy.

    10)1.life lies in the movement.

    2.Good health is over wealth.

    3.An apple a day keeps a doctor away.

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